The Mushroom city of India
|State||: Himachal Pradesh|
|Type of Tourism||: Hill Station|
|Area||: 1936 sq. km.|
|Population||: 34,206 (As per Indian census- 2005)|
|Altitude||: 1,467 meters|
|Best Tourist Season||: April to June & September to November|
|Clothing recommended||: Light cotton in summer, light woolen in winter|
|Languages spoken||: Pahari, Himachali, Punjabi, Hindi, English.|
|Telephone Code||: India (01792), International (+91)|
|Pin Code||: 173212|
|What to buy||: Pashmina Shawls, Sweaters, Colorful Caps, Thanka Paintings, Kangra Style Paintings, Carpets, Rugs, Wood Carvings, Embroidered Shawls, Hand Fans, Hankies, Kurtas, Bed sheets, Coverlets, Sandstone Crafts, Metal Crafts, Silver Jewelery, Stone-Studded Jewelery.|
|Food Specialties||: Roasted Corn, Cucumber, Solan Chana, Samosa, Various Sweets, Rice, Maahni (Urad Dal Prepared With Dried Mangoes), Madra (Lentils Made With Yoghurt), Sattu, Sidu with Ghee, Dal or Mutton, Patande (A Kind of Pancake), Boori Ki Kari, Dham, Ankalos, Sweet Rice, Milk Products, Meat|
|Local transportation||: Auto Rickshaw, Bus, Taxi|
Solan, reposed approximately 50 kilometers to the south of Shimla along the Kalka-Shimla National Highway No. 22 (listed amongst the UNESCO World Heritage Site) is a township of the state of Himachal Pradesh that furnishes as the district headquarters and the municipal council of the Solan District. The metropolis derives its appellation from the name of Goddess ‘Shoolini Devi’ seated in the Shoolini Devi Temple of Solan located on the Shilli Road. Attributable to its immense mushroom cultivation as well as the famous Chambaghat mushroom centre, this conurbation has been bestowed upon with the designation; the ‘Mushroom city of India’.
Nestled atop the Mount Karol, roughly at the altitude of 1467 meters above the sea level and bounded by the surrounding lofty hills, Solan is bordered by 1,986 meters tall Matiul Peak towards the east and by 2,000 meters high Karol Peak to its north. More than 60% of the geographical terrain of Solan is marked with highlands and mountainous formations. Solan particularly popularized for its astounding vistas of the adjoining snow crowned precipices, snow blanketed landscapes and exceptionally agreeable, cordial and soul stimulating ambiance is also reckoned as the gateway to Shimla. This paradise for honeymooners and nature lovers; Solan also serves as the base station for the neighboring tourist destinations of Himachal Pradesh including Chail, Subathu, Dagshai, Churdhar Peak, Kandaghat, and so on.
Highly recommended tourist destination both for winter sports and summer retreat, Solan is a most valued gemstone studded in the snow-white tiara of the Himachal Pradesh. Solan, famous for its ancient temples and monasteries is also the renowned domicile of country’s oldest breweries. Besides, the additional feathers in the vivid hat of Solan that sing the sagas of its fame worldwide are ‘Dr. Yashwant Singh Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry’ and the ‘Old Fort of Arki’ dated back to 300 years. Not only that, Solan also boasts of harboring the highest cricket ground in the whole world. Solan, one of the torch bearing tourist’s destinations of Himachal Pradesh and also a thriving industrial and educational hub of the state happens to be one of the must visit hill resorts of India at least once in a lifetime.
History Of Solan
The allegorical history of Solan leads us back to the Mahabharata period. It is supposed that the cavern snuggled atop the Mount Karol in close proximity to Solan is the very exact cave where the five legendary Pandava brothers along with their wife Draupadi had sought shelter during the course of their exile. In 20th century during the British Raj Solan acted as the axle of the Irish Mutiny broken out in the year 1920 against the British both in India as well as in Ireland. Although, this rebellion was ruthlessly crushed by the British and rendered futile.
The present day Solan District incorporates the erstwhile princely states of northern India viz. Bhagat, Bhagal, Beja, Kuthar, Kunihar, Mahlog, Mangal, Nalagarh and parts of Kothi and Keonthal. Most of these princely states were assaulted by Gorkhas who commanded and controlled them from 1803 to 1815. In the year 1815, Gorkhas were beaten by the British and these princely states were reinstated to their respective kings as the feudatories of the British Raj. All these humble states were governed by the superintendent of Shimla Hill States during the pre independence epoch. The state of Himachal Pradesh came into being only after the independence of India on 15th April 1948.
Years later on 1st September 1972 Solan District was constituted as a part of the reorganization plan of the districts of Himachal Pradesh. Solan was created out of Solan and Arki tehsils from Mahasu District and Kandaghat and Nalagarh tehsils from Shimla District. The district of Solan is divided into four managerial sub divisions namely Solan (Solan and Kasauli), Arki, Nalagarh and Kandaghat. Solan happens to be the 9th largest district of the state of Himachal Pradesh.