The Realm of Tigers
|District||: Nainital and Pauri|
|Type of Tourism||: Wildlife|
|Area||: 521 sq km|
|Altitude||: 1300 feet to 4000 feet|
|Best Tourist Season||: Mid-November to Mid-June|
|Languages spoken||: Kumaoni, Garhwali, Hindi, English|
|Telephone Code||: India (0 5947), International (+91)|
|Pin Code||: 244 715|
|Clothing Recommended||: Dark colored (mainly green, brown, black) clothes are recommended while visiting the National Park as they easily blend with the surroundings and provide you a very good camouflage.|
|What to buy||: Herbal Cosmetics, Nature Products, Wildlife Postcards, Posters, T Shirts, Souvenirs, Books, Local Handicrafts, Wooden Crafts and Decorative Items, Carved Cane Sticks, Colorful Handmade Candles, Ornaments, Kumaoni Woolens, Fresh Fruits, Local Juice, Jams and Squashes, etc.|
|Food Specialties||: Ras, Steamed Rice, Bhang Ki Chutney, Bhatt Ki Churkani, Baadi, Black and White Roti, Madwe Ki Roti, Muli Ka Thechua, Bathue Ka Paratha, Gaderi Ki Sabji, Peenalu Ki Sabji, Papad Ki Sabji, Gathi, Gauhat Ki Daal, Lason Ka Lur, Bhatt Ka Joula, Dhai Ka Jaula, Bari Bhat, Kaapa Bhaat, Chanda Devi Aur Saladi Ka Raita, Aloo Ke Gutke, Arsa, Gulgula, Bal Mithai, Malta, Kafhal, Khumani, Pulam, Etc.|
|Local Transportation||: Cabs, Safaris|
|Must Do||: Jeep Safari, Canter Safari, Elephant Safari, Night Jeep Safari, River Crossing, Rafting, Bridge Slithering on Kosi River, Fishing, Angling, Rock Climbing, Rappelling, Trekking, Bird Watching, etc.|
The Jim Corbett National Park, the cardinal affiliate of the ‘Project Tiger’ of India and the earliest National Park ever established in the whole of Mainland Asia is a wildlife sanctuary that fundamentally aims at harbouring and conserving the Bengal Tigers; one of the most endangered species of the Indian Animalia. Constituted as the ‘Hailey National Park’ in the year 1936, this historical game refuge was rechristened as the ‘Jim Corbett National Park’ after the name of Jim Corbett; a British hunter who later turned conversationalist, naturalist and an author and significantly contributed in the formation of this nature preserve. Spread across the Nainital and Pauri districts of the state of Uttarakhand and covering an extensive area of 521 sq. kilometres the Jim Corbett National Park forms the ‘Corbett Tiger Reserve’ (measuring 1288 sq. km.) in collaboration with its adjacent ‘Sonanadi Wildlife Sanctuary’ and the Reserve Forest Areas. Bequeathed with an assorted geographical montage characterised with both plain & mountainous and dry & wet forests & grasslands, the Corbett National Park nurtures innumerable pedigrees of botanical and zoological subsistence, the most salient being the Bengal Tigers and the Asiatic Elephants. Reckoned all over the globe as an ecotourism destination and also commended as a dreamland for the animal lovers and adventure aficionados, the Jim Corbett National Park receives over 70,000 Indian and foreign visitors every season.
Originally belonging to the dominion of the Tehri Garhwal Princely State and later annexed to the territory of the British East India Co. this wildlife sanctuary was first envisaged by the British Forest Department in 1907 AD. A Game Reserve was established in the year 1936 under the appellation ‘the Hailey National Park’ which initially encompassed the total stretch of 323.75 sq. km. This asylum was renamed as the ‘Ramganga National Park’ in 1954-55 AD which was again changed to ‘the Corbett National Park’ in the following year. Shortly after the genesis of the National Park, game hunting and capturing the birds and animals was absolutely prohibited within the sanctuary limits, however during the World War II this tiger reserve underwent extreme poaching and substantial wood cutting. The ‘Project Tiger’; an esteemed wildlife conservation project of India was launched at the Corbett National Park in the year 1974. Afterwards, in the year 1991 the entire Kalagarh Forest Division along with the ‘Sonanadi Wildlife Sanctuary’ was combined with the Corbett National Park creating the ‘Corbett Tiger Reserve’. Presently, the Corbett National Park functions under the ‘Terai Arc Landscape Program’ of the World Wildlife Fund and endeavors to safeguard 3 of the 5 ‘Terrestrial Flagship Species’ including the Bengal Tiger, the Asian Elephant and the Great One-horned Rhinoceros.
The Jim Corbett National Park covering the sprawling area of 521 square kilometers is positioned sandwiched between the Himalayas and the Terai Region. The northern periphery of the park is bounded by the Lesser Himalayas while the rest of the terrain falls under the Outer-Himalayan, also known as the ‘Shiwalik’ Domain. The northern portion of this Game Refuge is enveloped by the ‘Patli Dun’ whereas its southern frontier is flanked by the swampy & humid Terai Division and the barren & rugged Bhabar Division. The Ramganga River along with its tributaries namely Sonanadi, Palain & Mandal Rivers and also the Koshi River provide water resource to this Nature Preserve and its neighbouring topography. The terrain marked with diverse geographical features including plain plateaus, hilly lands, marshes, tiny rivulets, meandering rivers, lakes, extensive valleys, ravines and ridges varies in its average altitude which ranges between 1300 feet and 4000 feet.