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Visakhapatnam Tourism

The Jewel of the Coromandel Coast
State : Andhra Pradesh
District: Visakhapatnam
Type of Tourism : Beaches
Area : 544 sq km
Altitude : 5 meters
Population : 1,730,320 (As per Indian census- 2011)
Languages spoken : Telugu, Malayalam, Hindi, English
Telephone Code : India (0891), International (+91)
Pin Code : 530001
Clothing recommended : Light cotton in summer, light woolen in winter
Best Tourist Season : November to February
What to buy : Wooden toys, handicraft items, wall hangings, Kalamkari paintings, silver filigree work, sandalwood products, handmade paper, Indian tea, gold and silver ornaments, sports goods, traditional South Indian metal utensils, South Indian saris, etc.
Food Specialties : Murri Mixture, Idli, Dosa, Pesarattu, Upma, Wada, Bhajji, Murku, Atukulu, Booralu, Putharekulu, Appadams, Anabshahi, Pulihara, Gongoora, Avakkaya, Various Curries, Ariselu, Pulusu, Obbattu, Bommidala Pulusu, Chapala Pulusu, Koramenu Kura, etc.
Local transportation : Buses, cabs, auto rickshaws, taxi, etc.

About Visakhapatnam

Visakhapatnam; commonly referred to as ‘Vizag’ and bequeathed with the laurel ‘the Jewel of the Coromandel Coast’ is one of the largest seaports of India and a prime metropolitan of the state of Andhra Pradesh that ranks second in its geographical expanse only after the state capital Hyderabad. This port city cuddled amidst the lofty precipices of the Eastern Ghats and nestled on the southeastern coast of the Indian Peninsula facing the Bay of Bengal is a home to the only natural harbor on the oriental littoral of India as well as the oldest shipyard of the country. Nicknamed as ‘the City of Destiny’, Vizag the administrative command center of the Visakhapatnam District & Division also operates as the headquarters of the ‘Eastern Naval Command’ of the Indian Navy. Enclosed by three monumental hillocks namely Sri Venkateswara Konda, Dargah Konda and the Ross Hill; each of them bearing the shrines of three different religions viz. Hinduism, Islam and Christianity respectively, Visakhapatnam; a potpourri of ancient & contemporary, traditional & modern and past & present eloquently manifests a peculiar religious and cultural diversity, remarkably characterized with peaceful integral alliance. This Utopia for the tourists of all interests and the visitors from all walks of life equally intrigues the nature enthusiasts, animal lovers, bird watchers and also those who seek luxurious and recreational vacation. Accredited as the ‘Goa of the East Coast’, the enchanting Visakhapatnam City embellished with golden sun kissed beaches, vermilion knolls, exuberant valleys, verdant countryside, lush meadows, charming landscapes, historical monuments and gracefully maintained parks beckons thousands of tourists from different parts of the globe throughout the year. Also known as the ‘Steel City’ this industrial conurbation; a home to the ‘Vizag Steel Plant’ as well as a number of other government owned heavy industries has also successfully excelled in the commercial domain on the national frontage.

History Of Visakhapatnam

Boasting of its mythological and historical legacy of more than several millenniums, Visakhapatnam; ‘the port city of Visakha’ derives its appellation from the name of a Hindu deity of Valor; Goddess Visakha. As cited in the Indian Puranas, before the ‘Common Era’ Visakhapatnam was governed by a Varma sovereign; ‘King Visakha Varma’. Going back further, Lord Rama along with the Brother Lakshmana roamed around the forests of the Eastern Ghats (in the vicinity of Visakhapatnam) in search of His beloved wife Devi Sita. Moreover, it was here that the monkey army of Lord Rama which later defeated Ravana and rescued Sita was formed with the help from Lord Hanuman, King Sugriva and Jambavant. One of the episodes from the Mahabharata wherein Bheema; the second of the five Pandava Brothers destroyed a demon named Bakasura is supposed to have taken place at the Karmanvati Village located approximately 40 kilometers from Visakhapatnam. In 260 BC, Visakhapatnam formed a part of the legendary Kalinga Empire under the rule of the great Maurya emperor ‘Samrat Chakravartin Ashoka’. Subsequent to the decline of the Maurya Empire, Visakhapatnam remained a part of the Utkala Kingdom until 16th century AD which was dominated by the Andhra rulers of Vengi, the Chalukyas, the Pallavas, the Cholas, the Eastern Ganga Kings & the Gajapati Kings of Orissa, and so on over the years. During the late 15th and early 16th century AD, Visakhapatnam was domineered by the Mughals under the Nizam of Hyderabad. Later, during the 17th and 18th century the natural port of Visakhapatnam was used by the Dutch, French and British East India Companies to export paddy, tobacco, ivory, iron ore, coal, muslin and other Indian products to their respective countries. Visakhapatnam functioned as a part of the Northern Circars in 18th century AD. The historical naval ‘Battle of Visakhapatnam’ was fought between the British and French forces in September 1804 AD at Visakhapatnam. During the British Raj, Visakhapatnam was raised to the status of a district under the Madras Presidency. After the Independence of India Visakhapatnam constituted the largest district of the country which was later divided into three smaller districts videlicet Visakhapatnam, Srikakulam and Vizianagaram.