|Shri Brahma Temple||Positioned on the banks of the holy Pushkar Lake|
|Pushkar Lake||Located close to the ‘Jagatpita Brahma Mandir’ of Pushkar|
|Varaha Temple||At Choti Busti of Pushkar|
|Chamunda Temple||Perched atop the Gayatri Hill|
|Savitri Temple||Nested at the top of the Ratnagiri Hill near the divine town Pushkar|
|Pap Mochini Temple||Located in the northern section of Pushkar|
|Panchkund Shiva Temple||Located approximately 2 to 3 kilometers away from the Pushkar Lake|
|Raghunath Temples||Located Near Naya Bazaar|
|Apteshwar Mahadev Temple|
|Rangji Temple (Shri Vaikunthnathji Temple)||Located Near Main Market|
|Ramavaikunth Temple||Located on the top of a hill in Pushkar city|
|Man Mahal||Positioned to the east of Pushkar Sarovar|
|Gurudwara Singh Sabha||Located in the temple town Pushkar in the proximity with the celebrated Pushkar Lake|
|Naga Pahar||Located between Pushkar and Ajmer|
|Pushkar Bazaar||Located in the heart of Pushkar city|
|Ajmer||Located just 14 kilometers from Pushkar on the opposite side of the Naga Pahar|
Shri Brahma Temple
Shri Brahma Temple of Pushkar, also reckoned by the title ‘Jagatpita Brahma Mandir’ is a Hindu Temple dedicated to the Creator God – Lord Brahma. This gorgeous red domed temple positioned on the banks of the holy Pushkar Lake is endorsed to be one of the very few Brahma Temples in the world where Lord Brahma is worshipped. It is believed that the original Brahma Temple of Pushkar was established by the Sage Vishwamitra more than 2000 years back following the Yagna performed by Lord Brahma at Pushkar. Even the venue of the temple is supposed to have been selected by Lord Brahma Himself. Later, the temple was renovated by Adi Shankaracharya in 718 AD. The present day Brahma Temple of Pushkar is dated back 14th century AD when it was revamped under the patronage of Maharaja Jawat Raj of Ratlam.
The Jagatpita Brahma Mandir of Pushkar is chiefly built in marble and stone slabs and is adorned with hamsa and peacock motifs. A life size marble idol of the four headed Lord Brahma is enshrined in the sanctum where he is flanked by both his consorts Goddess Gayatri and Goddess Savitri. Lord Brahma is depicted seated in a cross legged position riding his vehicle Hamsa in the posture of creating the universe. This idol known by the laurel ‘Chaumurti’ holds an Akshamala, Holy Scriptures, Kusha Grass and the water Kamandalu in his four hands. This idol of Lord Brahma is believed to have been consecrated by Adi Shankaracharya here. The head priest of the temple is from Gurjar family.
The annual festival of the Brahma Temple is held on the day of Kartik Poornima when the temple is thronged by millions of devotees. Bathing in the Pushkar Lake on this day is believed to be extremely auspicious and sin cleansing. Lord Brahma Temple of Pushkar is acclaimed as one of the ten most religious sites in the world and one of the five most sacred Hindu pilgrim destinations in India. The Shri Brahma Temple of Pushkar can be visited from 6:30 am to 1:30 pm and 3:00 pm to 8:30 pm during winter and till 9:00 pm during summer.
The Pushkar Lake or ‘Pushkar Sarovar’, on whose banks the ‘Jagatpita Brahma Mandir’ of Pushkar is stationed, is the sacred water tank described as the ‘Tirth Raj’ in the Hindu Scriptures and highly venerated amongst the Hindus. Acclaimed as one of the five most sacrosanct Sarovars in India, the Pushkar Lake has been identified as one of the ten most religious places in the world by the International Business Times. As per the myth associated with its genesis, this lake was created by the lotus petal fallen from the hands of Lord Brahma at the time of his battle with the demon Vajranabha. Referred to as the ‘Adi Tirtha’ in the Ramayana and Mahabharata, the Pushkar Lake also finds citation in the celebrated Abhijñanasakuntalam composed by Kalidasa. This artificial lake covering the total catchments area of 22 square kilometers and receiving water from the Luni River is estimated to be dating back to 4th century BC.
Enclosed by 52 bathing ghats and over 500 temples dedicated to various Hindu deities, the Pushkar Lake is thronged by thousands of pilgrims particularly on the auspicious occasion of ‘Kartik Poornima’. The holy dip into the waters of Pushkar Lake is considered to be sin cleansing and moksha giving. As the legend goes, in 9th century AD a Rajput King Nahar Rao Parikar of Mandore discovered that his Leukoderma was cured by the waters of the Pushkar Lake. The overwhelmed king renovated the lake and people started immersing themselves into this miraculous water possessing therapeutic medicinal qualities of curing the skin diseases. Moreover, it is also believed that the 10th Guru of Sikhism Guru Govind Singh had recited the ‘Guru Granth Sahib’ on the banks of the Pushkar Lake.
The Varaha Temple of Pushkar is dedicated to the third incarnation of Lord Vishnu i.e. ‘Varaha Avtar’ when he took the form of a bore and killed a demon king Hiranyaksha rescuing the earth from his clutches from nether. The Varaha Temple of Pushkar commended as one of the three paramount temples of Pushkar, the other two being Lord Brahma and Rangji Temple, was established by a Rajput ruler King Anaji Chauhan in 12th century AD. Although, during the Mughal power in India the original ‘Varaha Temple’, together with the idol of Lord Varaha were destroyed by the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb. Eventually, the temple was restored to its present form by the king Raja Sawai Jai Singh II of Jaipur in 1727 AD. The sanctum of the Varaha Temple enshrines a 2 feet tall idol of Lord Varaha chiseled out of pure white marble. Apart from the eye catching idol of the presiding deity what grabs the attention of the visitors is its elaborate sculptures, graceful and ornate carvings, gold-styled pillars portraying Garuda motif, life-size figurines of the door men, a richly bejeweled image house and other remarkable works of art.
The Chamunda Temple of Pushkar perched atop the Gayatri Hill is dedicated to the Hindu Goddess Chamunda; an incarnation of Goddess Durga who had taken birth to kill the two demon kings Chanda and Munda. Also popularly reckoned by the title ‘Manibandh Peeth’, Chamunda Temple of Pushkar is acknowledged as one of the 52 Shakti Peethas scattered all over the India. As per the myth when Lord Shiva was carrying the half burnt body of Sati from the venue of ‘Daksha Yagna’ to Kailas, the bracelets of the Goddess had fallen at the Manibandh Peeth of Pushkar. Goddess Chamunda is worshipped by the name Gayatri here and the Bhairava of this Chamunda Temple is worshipped by the appellation Sarvanand.
The Savitri Temple of Pushkar dedicated to Goddess Savitri; the first consort of Lord Brahma is nested at the top of the Ratnagiri Hill near the divine town Pushkar. As per the prevalent parable, after having killed the demon King Vajranabha and creating the hallowed town Pushkar when Lord Brahma was performing the holy Yagna here, during a certain ritual he needed to be accompanied by his wife Savitri. As the Goddess Savitri didn’t arrive at Pushkar on time and the auspicious ‘Muhurt’ was fleeting, Lord Brahma was married to a local Gurjar girl Gayatri. After her arrival, the Goddess Savitri was enraged to see Gayatri seated beside her husband and cursed Lord Brahma that he would only be worshipped at Pushkar and nowhere else. It is said that the infuriated Goddess Savitri after having cursed her husband refused to reunite with him and rested on the Ratnagiri Hill near Pushkar. The present day Savitri Temple of Pushkar is dated back to 1687 AD. The route that leads to the top of the mount passes through the woody terrain of the hills and calls for an hour of trek that would reach the devotees to the shrine. A gorgeous statue of Goddess Savitri is seated in the sanctorum of this temple. From the Savitri Temple atop the Ratnagiri Hill the breathtaking panoramas of the surrounding landscapes, the far flung sand dunes of the Rajasthan Desert, nearby villages and the dazzling Pushkar Lake can be perceived.
Pap Mochini Temple
Pap Mochini Temple, one of the 500 temples of the ‘Tirth Raj’ Pushkar is dedicated to the Goddess ‘Ekadashi Mata’ worshipped here as the deity that washes off all your sins. The term ‘Pap Mochini’ has been coined from Sanskrit Language wherein ‘Pap’ means ‘sin’ and ‘Mochini’ means ‘the one who gets rid of something’. It is believed by the devotees that those who worship the Goddess Ekadashi of Pushkar get relief from their sins committed knowingly or unknowingly, even from the greatest of all the sins i.e. ‘Brahma Hatya’. Goddess Ekadashi Mata is believed to be the only deity amongst all the Gods who is capable of freeing her devotees from the sins. As the legend goes, after the great war of Mahabharata Lord Shri Krishna cursed Ashwathama to roam around the earth with his bleeding wound for three thousand years. Ashwathama is believed to be coming to the Goddess Pap Mochini Temple every year in order to seek salvation. Today the Pap Mochini Temple of Pushkar receives thousands of pilgrims who arrive here full of faith that the Goddess will give them a respite from all their sins. Apart from its religious significance, the Pap Mochini Temple of Pushkar is also noted for its outstanding architectural dexterousness. Representing the Hindu order of temple architecture, the Pap Mochini Temple offers a deep insight into the ingenuity of the artisans of yesteryears. Flanked by the beauteous lake on one side and the Sandy Mela Ground on the other, this temple is one of the must visit religious destinations of the temple town Pushkar. The devotees who come to pay homage of the Goddess Ekadashi make it a point to take a dip into the sanctified waters of the temple kund.
Panchkund Shiva Temple
Panchkund Shiva Temple located approximately 2 to 3 kilometers away from the Pushkar Lake is dedicated to the Hindu God of destruction and one of the Hindu Trinity Lord Shiva. It is supposed that the five Pandava Brothers during their exile visited the Tirth Raj Pushkar and enshrined a Shiva Lingam in this temple, today venerated by the epithet ‘Panchkund Shiva Temple’.
The divine township Pushkar is an abode of two Raghunath Temples. The older of the two was established in the year 1823 and it is dedicated to the Hindu God of sustenance Lord Vishnu. The sanctum of the Raghunath Temple enshrines the idols of Lord Narasimha, Lord Venugopal and Goddess Lakshmi. Lord Narasimha is the forth incarnation of Lord Vishnu who took the form of half man and half lion in order to kill the demon king Hiranyakashipu. Venugopal is a form of Lord Krishna and the Goddess Lakshmi is the Hindu Goddess of wealth and prosperity. Except for these three deities, the presiding deity of the first Raghunath Temple of Pushkar is Lord Ram; the seventh incarnation of Lord Vishnu. The other Raghunath Temple of Pushkar, comparatively latest in the time enshrines the deities Goddess Lakshmi and Lord Vaikunthanath; the Lord of Vaikuntha, i.e. Vishnu. Only Indians are allowed admittance to this holy shrine and a signboard is displayed at the temple that reads ‘foreigners not allowed’. This Raghunath Temple comprises seven shrines, each of them having a dome (shikhara) and a lofty towering peak that overlooks the entire town.
Apteshwar Mahadev Temple
The Apteshwar Mahadev Temple of Pushkar is dedicated to the Lord Mahadev i.e. the God of Destruction; Lord Shiva. Originally built in 10th century AD and later destroyed by the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb, this temple of Apteshwar Mahadev was later rebuilt and restored to its present status. The Apteshwar Mahadev Temple is in fact an underground shrine which is believed to have sunk down below the ground level over the years. The Shiva Lingam of the Apteshwar Mahadev Temple of Pushkar is placed in the main hall of the temple edifice.
Rangji Temple (Shri Vaikunthnathji Temple)
Rangji Temple of Pushkar, also reckoned by the title ‘Shri Vaikunthnathji Temple’ is dedicated to Rangji; a manifestation of Lord Vishnu. Built by Seth Puran Mal Ganeriwal in 1823 AD, this magnificent shrine depicts the typical South Indian style of temple architecture. Even though, from some spots the Mughal order of architectonics also flashes before us. The high mounting ‘Gopuram’ of the temple yields an arresting outlook to the Rangji Temple façade while the two life size gatekeepers that guard the main gate of the temple offer a graceful classic look to the entire structure. The interiors of the Rangji Temple are endowed with a captivating image of Garuda; the mythical vehicle of Lord Vishnu. Rangji Temple of Pushkar reflecting the splendid combination of various cultures of Rajasthan as well as India is considered to be one of the top three holiest and the most revered temples of Pushkar. An additional attraction of the Rangji Temple is its essential South Indian manner of rituals that create a distinctive south Indian ambience in Rajasthan.
The Ramavaikunth Temple of Pushkar dated back to 1920 AD is one of the biggest and the most elaborately designed Hindu Temple existing in the vicinity of Pushkar; the sublime abode of Lord Brahma. This bravura temple ornamented with intricate carvings consecrates the brilliantly sculpted images of over 361 Hindu deities. Its sky-scraping stone spires topping the pagodas and the flamboyant outer Gopuram embellishing the entrance are believed to have been constructed by a group of masons specially transported to Pushkar from South India for this purpose.
The Man Mahal of Pushkar is an ancient palace that was originally erected by the Raja Man Singh of Amber. Positioned to the east of Pushkar Sarovar, this royal residence of Rajputs is fabricated in the Rajasthani order of architecture and illustrates the archetypal features of the bygone royal era. Acclaimed as one of the supreme palaces of Pushkar, the Man Mahal is presently in the custody of the Rajasthan Tourism Development Corporation and serves as the tourist bungalow that offers a luxurious and imperial stay to its guests. Apart from its architectural grandeur and extravagant majesty, the spellbinding views of the enclosing landscape teeming with temples and the Pushkar Lake is indeed striking and appealing to the eyes.
Gurudwara Singh Sabha
Gurudwara Singh Sabha, popularly known as ‘Pushkar Raj’ is a Sikh Gurudwara located in the temple town Pushkar in the proximity with the celebrated Pushkar Lake. Established commemorating the memory of Guru Nanak Dev Sahib and Guru Gobind Singh’s visit to Pushkar, this Gurudwara was earlier known as Guru Nanak Dharmasala. Presently, the Gurudwara Singh Sabha of Pushkar functions as a division of Sri Guru Singh Sabha of Ajmer. This flat-roofed double-storey building located near the Pushkar bus stand is an imposing edifice offering an intriguing panorama. Presently, the Gurudwara Singh Sabha is patronized by Jaswinder Singh and Harmeet Bhatti.
The literal translation of ‘Naga Pahar’ is ‘the snake mountain’. This soaring precipice that stands flanked by Pushkar and Ajmer creates a natural boundary between these two blessed cities of Rajasthan. According to the prevalent legend, originally the Naga Pahar was a lot more enormous and gigantic than its present size. Over the years with the passage of time its height and might kept on lessening and there will be one day when this mountain will vanish altogether leaving behind no trace of its existence. Highly aggrandized amongst the pilgrims, the Naga Pahar receives myriads of visitors every year. Devotees generally pay a visit to the cave nestled amidst the mount which is believed to be the former residence of the great Indian sage Agastya; one of the mythological Saptarishis. Moreover, the Naga Pahar is also the domicile of ‘Nag Kund’ where Lord Brahma’s son; Vatu once resided. Vatu had made some mischief due to which he had been cursed by Rishi Chyavan. Nag Pahar is also distinguished for its ‘Panch Kund’. Besides, it is also said that the great Sanskrit poet and playwright Kalidas composed his most appreciated epic poem Abhigyanam Shakuntalam in 4th century at this very place.
Pushkar Bazaar, a thriving marketplace of Pushkar booming with traders and customers all round the year in general and at the time of Pushkar fair in particular is a must visit place for those who love shopping. One must visit the Pushkar Bazaar and take home some of the souvenirs of Pushkar and Rajasthan for your near and dear ones. Some of the must buy items from Pushkar include ethnic jewelry, embroidered clothes, other fabrics, Rajasthani puppets, costumes, shoulder bags, wall hangings, showpieces, handicrafts, camel covers, mojadi shoes, other leather goods, glass lamps, miniature paintings, pottery items, beads, colorful bangles, traditional music, books, brass utensils, accessories, curios, and many more ethnic articles. Most of the traditional articles sold in Pushkar Bazaar are brought from Barmer and other tribal provinces of Rajasthan.
Ajmer , located just 14 kilometers from Pushkar on the opposite side of the Naga Pahar is a city that has registered its name on the nation front both in the fields of tourism as well as pilgrimage. Highly esteemed for its miraculous and mystic ‘Dargah Shrine’ of the great Sufi Saint; Garib Nawaz ‘Khwaja Moinuddin Chishti’, Ajmer is a vital pilgrim destination equally venerated both by the Hindus and the Muslims. This sacred city bejeweled with blessed shrines, imposing palaces, splendid lakes, Mughal and colonial edifices, mazes of narrow lanes, bustling markets and enchanting fairs allures its visitors to no extent. Ajmer, the incredible synthesis of Hindu and Sufi traditions and culture is now aggrandized as the thriving hub of Rajasthani heritage, culture and education. Ajmer, the divine abode of the wish fulfilling Khwaja Moinuddin Chishti beckons more than a million visitors from all casts, creeds and religions from all over the India as well as abroad every year.