The City Of Newspapers
|Type of Tourism||: Heritage Tourism|
|Area||: 210 square kilometers|
|Population||: 1,354,686 (As per Indian census- 2011)|
|Altitude||: 350 meters|
|Languages spoken||: Punjabi, Hindi, English|
|Telephone Code||: India (0175), International (+91)|
|Pin Code||: 147001|
|Best Tourist Season||: All 12 months of the year|
|Altitude||: 350 meters|
|Clothing recommended||: Light cotton in summer, woolen in winter|
|What to buy||: Juttis, Juttis with Zari work, Phulkaris, Silk, Jewelry, Colorful Parandis, Patiala Salwars, Punjabi Suits, Pagri, Handloom and Handcrafts, Lacquered Woodwork, Hand-Woven Carpets, Blankets, Woolen Garments, Shawls, Curios, House-Linen, Beaded Rings|
|Famous Shopping Places in Patiala||: Adalat Bazar, Patiala City Center, Tripuri Market, Leela Bhawan, Sheran Wala Gate, Lahori Gate, Choti Barandari, AC Market, etc.|
|Food Specialties||: Shahjahani Pulao, Vegetable And Meat Biryanis, Mutter Paneer, Malai Kofta, Dal Makhani, Rajma – Chawal, Rongi, Choley, Kadhi Pakora, Gol Gappas, Samosas, Chilly Chicken, Cream Chicken, Tandoori Chicken, Butter Chicken, Chicken Tikka, Rogan Josh, Bhuna Ghosht, Seekh Kehbab, Beef Karahi, Makki-Ki-Roti, Rumali Roti, Naan, Kulcha, Lachha Paratha, Bhatoora, Kulfi, Malpua, Sheer Korma, Jalebi, Phirni, Ras Malai, Lassi, Sherbets, Patiala Peg|
|Local transportation||: Auto Rickshaw, Taxi, Bus|
A municipal corporation of south east Punjab and the administrative capital of Patiala District, Patiala is a megalopolis expanded encircling an imposing Fort named Qila Mubarak. The city aggrandized for its classic tradition of Pagri (turban), Parandis (a tasseled tag for pleated hair), Phulkari, Jutti (footwear), Patiala Salwar (a unique female trouser) and Patiala Peg (a unit of measuring liquor), is much accredited in popular Indian Culture today. Patiala is a city that has laid down a banquet of baronial legacy, transcendental and grand demeanor, empyreal monuments and edifices, seraphic gardens, an incandescent rainbow of Rajput, Mughal and Punjabi heritage and a splendid fusion of tradition and modernism. Patiala, the comparatively youngest city of the state of Punjab is esteemed for retaining its old world charisma.
Regarded to be amongst the prominent cities of the state, Patiala is a proud home to a number of eminent governmental organizations videlicet, Netaji Subhash National Institute of Sports (NIS), Punjab State Archives, Punjab State Electricity Board, The Northern Religion Centre, Public Service Commission, Income Tax Department and the Head Quarters of the State Bank of Patiala. Moreover, Patiala is also a dignified doc of the most prestigious army formation of the state. Perpetrating as a foremost merchandise axle in the days of yore, the present day Patiala too is thriving as a leading industrial hub. Patiala has also emerged as a major educational polestar of Northern India after Independence. The city boasts of a number of premier educational institutes like Rajiv Gandhi National University of Law, The University of Punjab, Thapar University, Mohindra College, Government Medical College, and many more.
Positioned approximately 65 kilometers from the state capital Chandigarh in the Malwa region of Punjab, Patiala is also recognized by the title; the ‘city of newspapers’. This is the second ranking media hub of Punjab and also the home to the celebrated printing press of Munshi Nawal Kishore founded in 19th century. Patiala is also the august patron of a glorious Hindustani Classical Gharana named Patiala Gharana. Other than that, a number of dignitaries of India namely Abhinav Bindra, Navjot Singh Sidhu, Om Puri, Gul Panag, Jimmy Shergill, and the first Indian astronaut Rakesh Sharma are from Patiala. This metropolitan, flourished with rich cultural and historical patrimony has today rendered itself a premier tourist destination of the state of Punjab, as well as the northern hemisphere of the country.
History Of Patiala
A quondam princely state of gone by era and the legendary capital of PEPSU, Patiala is one of the youngest municipalities of Punjab. After the abend of Mughal Empire in India, Sikh Misldars ascended to the position of sovereignty in this division in the 18th century. They established their independent principalities in this region of Northern India. One of the Sikh Misldars and the descendant of the founder of ‘Phulkian’: Chaudhary Phul, Baba Ala Singh has registered his name in golden letters in the testimony of Patiala History. Baba Ala Singh was also the heir of the rulers of ancient Patiala State; Nabha and Jind and the son of Chaudhary Ram Singh, baptized and blessed by Guru Gobind Singh Himself. Ala Singh assumed the leadership of Sikhs in the year 1714.
The independent principality established by him stretched till Shivaliks in north and Rajasthan in south. It also comprehended the upper courses of the Sutlej and the Jamuna Rivers. The region that belonged to the domain of Baba Ala Singh is the same territory referred to as ‘Prasthala’ in the great Indian epic; the Mahabharata. After the Third Battle of Panipat of 1761, the founder of the Afghan Empire - Ahmad Shah Abdali rewarded Ala Singh with a banner and a drum and asserted him the monarch of this far reaching principality. This event holds much significance in the history of Patiala as it was the first occasion of Patiala acquiring the cardinal ensigns of royalty. Formerly acknowledged as ‘Ala De Patti’ meaning ‘the land of Ala’ this province established in the year 1763 by Baba Ala Singh is today reckoned as ‘Patiala’.
The very first architecture of Patiala is the reputed fort of the city, Qila Mubarak. Constructed by Baba Ala Singh in 1763, this edifice ushered the constitution of Patiala Domain. The city Patiala burgeoned around this fort in the temple like structure with the King and the other aristocracy being positioned in the heart of the city and other civilians settled surrounding them following the discrimination of their social status. The cardinal inhabitants of Patiala were the Hindus of Sirhind. The history of Patiala records the governance of various Maharajas who retained the throne till the independence of India. Maharaja Karam Singh, who held the reigns from the year 1813 to 1845, joined the British East India Company and aided the British during the First Anglo Sikh War. He is known as the Traitor of Patiala.
Maharaja Narendra Singh, who succeeded Maharaja Karam Singh in 1845 and ruled till 1862, constructed the fortification and garrisoned the city of Patiala. The grand bastion built up by him constitutes 10 magnificent gates with Darshani Gate being the main entrance to the Qila Mubarak. Maharaja Bhupinder Singh (1900–1938) attained a prominent place for Patiala on the political front of India. Maximum of the grand edifices of the city and the ‘Patiala Aerodrome’ were set up during his administration. Maharaja Yadvindra Singh the son and the successor of Maharaja Bhupinder Singh signed the Instrument of Accession after the independence and thus facilitated the process of national integration.