The Promontory Forest Of Western Ghats
|Type of Tourism||: Hill Station|
|Area||: 7 square kilometers|
|Population||: 5,139 (As per Indian census- 2001)|
|Altitude||: 800 meters|
|Best Tourist Season||: October to May|
|Languages spoken||: Marathi, Hindi, English|
|Telephone Code||: India (02148), International (+91)|
|Pin Code||: 410102|
|Clothing recommended||: Light cotton in summer, woolen in winter|
|What to buy||: Leather Bags, Belts, Shoes, Kolhapuri Chappal, Hats, Walking Sticks, Dried Wild Flowers, Honey, Fruits, Nuts, Chikki, Chocolate Fudge, etc.|
|Food Specialties||: Chikki, Salted Channa, Vada-Pav, Gujarati Thali, Kebabs|
|Local transportation||: On foot, horse ride, pulled rickshaws|
|Must Carry||: A good pair of comfortable walking shoes and walking sticks|
|Must Do||: Horse riding, valley crossing, trekking, parasailing, paragliding, walking|
|Caution||: The area is copious with monkeys and they will try to snatch food and other belongings from your hands. So beware.|
The term Matheran literally means ‘the forest atop the head’. Dense shaded woods, steep verdant cliffs, rolling hills, silvery waterfalls, placidly meandering river, red soil, still unpaved mud tracks and the emerald silky moss carpeting the landscape is the adept word picture of Matheran that would beguile any tender heart. Extremely well maintained, quiet and unpolluted summer retreat of Maharashtra, Matheran happens to be the smallest hill station of India. Bequeathed with numerous trekking routes and nearly 38 viewing points, Matheran; the seraphinite tiara of the Sahyadri Mountain Ranges enchants its visitors to no extent.
Adding to its boundless pulchritude, cool & serene ambience and salubrious climate is its old world charm emanating a colonial appeal. The majestic buildings of Matheran erected during the British Raj and retaining its antique glory so far conveys the rich heritage of this peachy precinct. The architectural relics of bygone era, the pastoral feel of the place and the ‘no vehicle rule’ of Matheran directly transports us hundred years back in time. Celebrated countrywide for its toy train that runs between Neral and Matheran, this groovy hill resort boasts of owning one of the four toy trains in India. Matheran, immersed in nature’s jubilate equally entices the picnickers and nature lovers, the honeymooners and adventure seekers. It is indeed an inspiration of a poet and a dream come true of an artist.
History of Matheran
Discovered in May 1850 by the then district collector of Thane; Hugh Poyntz Malet, Matheran utterly owes its present fame and eminence to the British officials in quest of a vivifying escape from the scorching heats of the Indian plains. The then Governor of Bombay; Lord Elphinstone laid the foundation of Matheran as a hill resort and gradually during the British Era itself Matheran came up as a vital summer retreat. The famous ‘Matheran Hill Railway’ or the ‘Matheran Toy Train’ was laid in the year 1907 by Sir Adamjee Peerbhoy. This hill railway, one of the four toy trains in India plies between Neral and Matheran covering the distance of 20 kilometers. This toy train was inspected by the officials from the UNESCO World Heritage Site in October 2009 and soon it will be declared a UNESCO World Heritage Monument.