Gateway to Karnataka
|District||: Dakshina Kannada|
|Type of Tourism||: Heritage, Pilgrim, Beaches, Port.|
|Area||: 132.45 square kilometers|
|Population||: 484,785 (As per Indian census- 2011)|
|Altitude||: 22 meters (72 ft)|
|Best Tourist Season||: September to March|
|Telephone Code||: India (0824), International (+91)|
|Pin Code||: 575001-575030|
|Languages spoken||: Tulu, Konkani, Kannada, Haveeka, Beary, Malayalam, Urdu, Hindi and English|
|What to buy||: Pure Silk Saris, Decorative Articles Made From Ivory and Sandalwood, Woodwork, Jewellery, Branded Cloths, Shoes, Handicrafts, Handloom Items, Salted Cashew Nuts, Wheat Halwa, Macroons, Fresh Green Cardamom, Coffee and Banana Chips|
|Food Specialties||:Kane Fry, Sannas, Pancakes, Akki Rotti, Kori Rotti, Neer Dosa, Cucumber Ghassi, Coconut Sesame Gravy, Gadbad Ice-Cream, Golibaje, Filter Coffee, Masala Dosa, Badam Halwa, Aviyal Mangalore Buns, Maavinakai Kette Uppinakai, Pomfret Fry, Fish Curry, Bangude, Pulimunchi Bangude, Pulimunchi Boothai Gasi, Kadubu Daali Thoy, Beebe-Upkari, Val Val, Avnas Ambe Sasam, Kadgi Chakko, Paagila Podi, Chana Gashi, Pork Bafat, Sorpotel, Mutton Biryani, Happala, Sandige, Puli Munchi, Shendi, Kadubu, Surmai Masala Tava Fry, Tendli-Cashew Nisthen, Kuvalyachen Bapath, Chik Peas Mixed With Coconut, Sprouted Moong Salad, Sheetak Kadi, Patrode, Pundi, Sanna-Dukra Maas.|
|Local transportation||: Bus, Auto Rickshaw, Taxi, Cab|
Flanked by the Arabian Sea on its west and the Western Ghats on its east, Mangalore is the chief port city of Karnataka and one of the cardinal ports in India. Furnishing as the check point of the sea cartage along the Malabar Coast, Mangalore Port, the 9th largest port of the country, today manages over 75% of coffee export and most of the cashew export of India. Mangalore, the largest city of Tulu Nadu serves as the administrative headquarters of the district ‘Dakshina Kannada’. Deemed by Urban Development Ministry as the 8th cleanest city of India and the 2nd cleanest city of the state of Karnataka after Mysore, Mangalore is revered by the title; ‘The Gateway to Karnataka’.
Christened after the local temple of a Hindu deity Goddess Mangaladevi, Mangalore is also known by the title ‘Kudla’ owing to its geographical position. Kudla is a Tulu word which means ‘Junction’. Mangalore is located at the convergence point of the two rivers: Netravati and Gurupura (Phalguni). Moreover, Mangalore is also entitled with other epithets like 'Mangalooru', 'Mangalapuram', 'Kodial', 'Mikala', 'Manjarun', etc. in various languages by the natives. Mangalore is the very blessed land where the meritorious sages mainly Vysa, Vishwamitra, Vashista and Kanva spent many years performing penance and meditation.
The first newspaper in Kannada language named 'Mangalura Samachara' was published in Mangalore in the year 1834. Today Mangalore is famous for its business enterprises and foremost educational institutions. Due to its outstanding contribution in educational sector of the state, Mangalore is bestowed upon the title, ‘the Cradle of Education’ of Karnataka. Apart from that, Mangalore has made its mark in the tourism industry of the state too. Known far and wide for its calm and pleasant beaches, enticing backwaters, imposing seaside fortresses, architectural grandeur and placid and balmy climate, Mangalore beckons thousands of tourists both from India and abroad every year.
History Of Mangalore
As the mythological background suggests, Machindranath or Matsyendranath, the founder of the Nath Pantha arrived in this region accompanied by a Kerala princess Parimala or Premaladevi. She was converted to Nath sect by Machindranath who renamed her as Mangaladevi. The temple of this Goddess situated in Mangalore yields the city its name. This region was ruled by Lord Ram during Ramayana period and by King Sahadeva during Mahabharata era. In third century BCE, this territory named ‘Sathia’ or ‘Shantika’ belonged to the governance of King Ashoka of Maurya Dynasty. Various sovereignties that ruled Mangalore over the years include Kadamba, Alupa, Vijayanagar, Chalukyas, Rashtrakutas, Hoysalas, and so on.
One of the earliest citations of the name of this city is dated back to 715 AD when Mangalore was called ‘Mangalapuram’. It belonged to the dominion of a King from Pandya dynasty named King Chettian. Abu Abdullah Muhammad Ibn Battuta, an Islamic traveler of 14th century registered the name of Mangalore as ‘Manjarur’ in his diaries. Other foreign historians namely Cosmas Indicopleustes, Pliny the Elder and Ptolemy have mentioned the name of Mangalore in their chronicles and historical records. Francis Buchanan, a Scottish physician visited Mangalore in the year 1801 when he referred to the city as a wealthy port. Mangalore mainly exported rice, betel nuts, pepper, sandal wood, turmeric, cinnamon, sugar, ginger, saltpeter, iron, coir and timber to many oversees and intra national places like Muscat, Malabar, Bombay, Goa, Kutch, Surat, etc.
Merchandise fortune of Mangalore attracted Portuguese and other foreign traders. Portuguese existence in Mangalore is dated back to the arrival of Vasco da Gama in 1498. Portuguese Viceroy Lopo Vaz de Sampaio’s army defeated Bangara Kings and took over Mangalore in 1526. They were conquered by Keladi Nayaka kingdom in 1640 that retained the throne till 1762. 1763 was the year when Hyder Ali of Mysore vanquished Keladi Nayaka and took over the reigns of Mangalore. This region shifted hands between British East India Company and Mysore Kingdom. Mangalore acted as the source of combat between the British and the rulers of Mysore Hyder Ali and Tipu Sultan. Eventually, this city got annexed with the British dominion in 1799 which followed the peaceful all round development of the city. In 1860, Mangalore was made the headquarters of South Canara district of Madras Presidency. It belonged to the Madras Presidency till 1956 when it was incorporated into the newly formed Mysore State under States Reorganization Act. Mysore State was renamed as Karnataka in the year 1973.