The Land of Valor
|State||: Uttar Pradesh|
|Type of Tourism||: History & Heritage Tourism|
|Area||: 5,024 sq km (District)|
|Altitude||: 285 meters|
|Population||: 507,293 (As per Indian census- 2011)|
|Languages spoken||: Hindi, Marathi, Urdu, English|
|Telephone Code||: India (0510), International (+91)|
|Pin Code||: 284 001|
|Best Tourist Season||: October to March|
|Clothing recommended||: Light cotton in summer, woolen in winter|
|What to buy||: Precious curios, antiques, artifacts, royal paintings, handicrafts, intricately designed glass bangles, etc.|
|Food Specialties||:Dum Bhindi, Gobhi Mussallam, Kadhi Pakoda, Sultani Dal, Palak Paneer, Pasanda Paneer, Shab Deg, Kofta, Tehri, Korma, Rizala, Shami Kebab, Pasanda Kebab, Kakori Kebab, Baati Chokha, Daal Makhani, Chole Bhature, Meethi Roti, Raita, Nihari, Fara, Samosa, Kachori, Pakora, Other Indian Chaat, Boondi, Gulab Jamun, Gujia, Ghewar, Imarti, Kheer, Sheer Qorma, Petha, Peda, Baarfi, Laddu, Kaaju Katli, Raj Bhog, Baalu Sahi, Qulfi, Gurahl Sharbat, Khas ka Sharbat, Chaas, Lassi, etc.|
|Local transportation||: Auto Rickshaw, Bus, Car, Taxi, Shared Tempo|
Jhansi; the emblem of heroism, the dazzling trademark of gallantry and the ‘Karmabhumi’ of Rani Lakshmibai; an epitome of bravery & unyielding self-esteem invokes the spirit of patriotism in every Indian just by the utterance of its name. Jhansi; a saga of courage and a living epic of chauvinism paints a vivid picture of ‘Jhansi Ki Rani’ relentlessly fighting against the British Army to protect her Motherland. The fortitude shown by the Queen of Jhansi and other contemporary freedom fighters heralded the ‘First War of Independence’ and paved the way for the ‘sans souci’ lifestyle we are leading today.
Nested on the south western periphery of the Tarai Plains of Uttar Pradesh and sandwiched between the waterways of Pahuj and Betwa Rivers, Jhansi an important Central Indian conurbation is fittingly deemed the ‘Gateway to Bundelkhand’. Mushroomed around the legendary Fort of Jhansi; the Jhansi City today functions as the governmental command center of the Jhansi District & Division. Previously known by the appellations ‘Balwant Nagar’ and ‘Shankargarh’, Jhansi received its present rubric after an articulation made by the Raja of Orchha.
As the legend goes when the King of Orchha was seated atop the roof of his palace accompanied by his friend the King of Jaitpur, he was asked by the Raja of Jaitpur if he could sight the new fortress erected upon the Bangara Hill. The Raja of Orchha replied saying ‘Jhainsi’ which in local tongue meant ‘rather vague’. Over the decades the term ‘Jhainsi’ changed into ‘Jhansi’ and thus the fort as well as the city that developed around the fort came to be known as ‘Jhansi’.
Dotted with numerous historical edifices and several very well preserved exemplars of our former architectural ingenuity Jhansi apart from conserving the mementos of India’s glorious past has also progressed in the contemporary domains of industrial, mercantile and educational upgrading. The city features a prolific demeanor marked with the unique blend of grand historical heritage and the au courant modernism. Aggrandized for its strategic geographical location, Jhansi today serves as the passageway to the East-West & North-South Corridor linking Kashmir to Kanyakumari.
History Of Jhansi
Formerly reckoned by varied monikers viz. ‘Balwant Nagar’ and ‘Shankargarh’ and so on Jhansi constituted a part of multifarious administrative dominions such as Chedi Rashtra, Jejak Bhukit, Jajhoti and Bundelkhand at different times. During the tenure of the Chandela Kings Balwant Nagar enjoyed the rank of prominence; however, after 11th century AD Jhansi lost its magnitude and went under the veil of obscurity. Jhansi again came into limelight in 17th century AD under the ascendancy of Raja Bir Singh Deo of Orchha who constructed the Fort of Jhansi in 1613 AD. In 18th century AD Jhansi comprised a portion of Maharaja Chhatrasal Bundela’s empire which was later gifted to Peshwa Baji Rao (I) by Maharaja Chhatrasal as a sign of gratitude for his assistance in the battle against Mohammed Khan Bangash.
The city of Jhansi smoothly burgeoned under the Peshwa Rule until 1803 AD when the ‘Treaty of Surji-Anjangaon’ was signed between the Marathas and the British East India Co. subsequent to the Second Anglo Maratha War. According to this treaty, a part of the Bundelkhand Region along with other provinces accepted the suzerainty of the British Raj. The salad days of Jhansi had started declining owing to the lack of efficient administration and with the demise of the childless Maharaja Gangadhar Rao in 1853 AD; Jhansi was annexed to the British Empire under the Doctrine of Lapse.
Rani Lakshmibai of Jhansi opposed the annexation and fought bravely against the British forces in the First War of Independence of 1857. On 18th June 1858 while Rani Lakshmibai was fighting against the 8th Hussars in Kotah-ki-Serai close to the Phool Bagh of Gwalior, she was fatally injured and breathed her last fighting for the Mother Land. Jhansi was brought under the British control in November 1858 who appointed the Maharaja of Gwalior; JiyajiRao Scindia the suzerain of Jhansi. Jhansi was taken back from the Gwalior Maharaja in the year 1886 and added to the United Provinces. After the Independence of India in 1947 Jhansi was made a part of the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh.