The City of Temples
|State||: Jammu & Kashmir|
|Type of Tourism||: Hill Station|
|Area||: 20.36 Sq km|
|Population||: 503,690 (As per Indian census- 2011)|
|Altitude||: 327 meters|
|Languages Spoken||: Dogri, Hindi, Kashmiri, Urdu and English|
|Telephone Code||: India (0191), International (+91)|
|Pin Code||: 180001|
|Best Tourist Season||: September to March|
|Clothing recommended||: Light woolen in summer, heavy woolen in winter|
|What to buy||: Namdas (Carpets), Pashmina Shawls, Kashmiri Dresses and Silk Saris, Woolen Clothes, Scarves, Pullovers, Wraparounds, Stoles, Pherans, Antiques, Embroidery Work, Handicrafts, Papier Mache, Walnut Wood Items, Basket Weaving, Cricket Bats, Wall Hanging, Dogra Jewellery, Brass or Silverware, Silk and Tweeds, Walnuts, Saffron, Almonds, Rajma, Anardana, Ampapar, Barfi, Cardamom, Cloves, Cinnamon, Dry Fruits, Honey, Etc.|
|Shopping Tips||: When you buy saffron, dry fruits and spices and other such products, make sure that they are real. Mostly the prices are fixed yet you can try your bargaining skills.|
|Food Specialties||: Rice, Morel, Kashmiri Pulao, Madra, Oria, Maani, Khameera, Rishta, Shasha, Kasrod, Timru-di-Chatni, Seekh Kebab s, Katha Meat, Tabak Maz, Rogan Josh, Yakhni, Kanti, Gushtaba, Burek, Hakh, Wazwan, Kahwa, Kebab , Kashmiri Macchi, Danival Korme, Lotus, Potatoes and Peas Fried, Dum-Aloo, Chaman, Kanti, Bakery Items, Shiri Pulav, Mitha Bhat, Sheermal, Nuts-Filled Kashmiri Naan, Bagerkhani, Shahi-Tukda, etc.|
|Local transportation||: Auto Rickshaw, Buses|
The largest and the most prominent conurbation of the Jammu region and the second largest city of the state, ‘Jammu’ nestled on the luxuriant banks of the river Tawi is a thriving municipal corporation of the Jammu District in the Indian State of Jammu & Kashmir. Enclosed by the Shivalik Ranges to its north, east and southeast and cuddled against the imperial backdrop of the majestic Trikuta Mountain, Jammu is clasped at the footings of the snow crowned Pir Panjal Ranges those separate the Jammu region from the resplendent Kashmir Valley. Brimming with daunting lakes, ostentatious glaciers, dazzling valleys and verdurous forests of pine, deodar, oak and chestnut, the diverse topography of Jammu yields it an Arcadian demeanor. Being the fastest growing urban agglomeration of the state, possessing the comparatively better infrastructure and burgeoning as the booming economic center of the province, Jammu serves as the winter capital of Jammu & Kashmir due to the excessive snowfall at Srinagar in winter.
The city derives its rubric from the appellation of its founder ‘Raja Jambu Lochan’; a Rajput Sovereign of later Vedic period who established his capital here and christened it after his own name as ‘Jambupura’. As the legend goes, one day during his hunting expedition, King Jambu Lochan reached the present location of Jammu city and witnessed an incredible phenomenon. He spotted a goat and a lion drinking the water of the Tawi River at the same place. The king was absolutely astounded and concluded that this was the vicinity of peace and harmony. Immediately he ordered a palace to be built there and a city to be founded around it. This city, originally reckoned as ‘Jambupura’ or ‘Jambu-Nagar’ came to be known as Jammu in the course of time. The historical and archaeological evidences suggest that Jammu had also been an essential division of the now extinct Harappa civilization.
Shrouded in mystifying myths and legends, the Jammu city; officially known as Jammu-Tawi is also bequeathed with a laurel ‘the City of Temples’. Teeming with numerous primordial temples and magnificent Shikharas occupying the sky line of Jammu and also dotted with a number of imposing palaces and regal mansions, the grandiose Jammu city manifests the façade of a peaceful and hallowed Hindu settlement.
History Of Jammu
It is commonly believed that Jammu was established by Raja Jambu Lochan in 14th century BC who baptized the city after his own name as ‘Jambu Nagar’. Gradually, over the centuries Jambu Nagar was converted to ‘Jammu’. Raja Jambu Lochan’s brother Raja Bahu Lochan constructed the historical Bahu Fort on the banks of the river Tawi. Jammu finds citation in the great Indian epic Mahabharata. The excavations near Akhnoor of Jammu testify that Jammu once belonged to the legendary Harappan Civilization. Moreover, the relics of the Maurya, Kushan, Kushanshahs and Gupta dominions have also been discovered in and around Jammu. Post 480, Jammu was dominated by the Hephthalites and was governed from Kapisa and Kabul. They were succeeded by Kushano-Hephthalites between 565 and 670 AD and later, Shahis held the reigns till 11th century AD. Jammu also finds reference in the chronicles of the well known Turkic ruler Timur or Tamerlane. Subsequent to that, Jammu changed hands from Mughals, Sikhs and British over the centuries. Once the headquarters of the Dogra Rajput Dynasty; Jammu became a part of the Sikh Empire of Maharaja Ranjit Singh Ji in 19th century AD who appointed Gulab Singh Ji as its ruler. After the defeat of the Sikh Empire against the British East India Co, the British accepted Maharaja Gulab Singh as the ruler of Jammu and Kashmir against the premium of 75 lakh rupees in cash. After the independence of India, the then sovereign of Jammu and Kashmir; Maharaja Hari Singh annexed Jammu to India and became a part of the Indian Constitution after the historical Kashmir War.