|Jaigarh Fort||On the hill "cheel ka Jilla", 15Km from the main city of Jaipur|
|Nahargarh Fort||6Km north of Jaipur, Just below the Jaigarh fort|
|Amber Fort||On the Delhi-Jaipur Highway, Located 11Km from the main city of Jaipur|
|Hawa Mahal||Main thoroghfare in the heart of Jaipur's business Center|
|City Palace||Just beside the Hawa Mahal, in the heart of the city|
|Jantar Mantar||Close to the gate of the City Palace of Jaipur|
|Gaitore||15Km from the city on the Jaipur-Amber Highway|
|Kanak Vrindavan Valley||On the Jaipur-Amber road, At the bottom of the Nahargarh hills adjoining the Amber fort|
|Sisodia Rani Ka Bagh||10Km from Jaipur on the Jaipur-Agra highway|
|Vidyadhar Garden||8Km in the east of Jaipur on the Jaipur-Agra road|
|Galtaji Temple||10Km from Jaipur on the Jaipur-Agra highway|
|Birla Temple||Southern part of Jaipur, At the foothills of the Moti Dungri Fort|
|Govind Devji Temple||City palace complex on between the Chandra Mahal and the Badal Mahal|
|Moti Dungri||Located on a small hill just above the Birla Temple|
Historical Monuments in Jaipur
Situated just 15km from the main city of Jaipur, the Jaigarh Fort is one of the prime locations for sight-seeing in Jaipur. Perched up on the top of the hill called ‘Cheel ka Tilla”(Hill of the Eagles), Jaigarh Fort is just 400ft above the Amber Fort. This is one of the best preserved military structures of the medieval India. The claim to fame of this fort is the fact that it houses world’s largest and heaviest cannon, called Jaivan. The fort also boasts of palaces, granary, a well planned canon foundry and several temples. One of the tanks located underground of the fort can hold as much as 60, 00,000 gallons of water. One can enjoy a bird’s eye view of the entire hinterland from the top of the Fort.
The term ‘Nahargarh’ implies ‘abode of the tigers’ and hence the Nahargarh Fort is also known as the ‘Tiger Fort’. Placed about 6km north of the city of Jaipur, this Fort had originally been the retreat of the royal ladies and also functioned as a treasury. Built in 1734 by Sawai Ram Singh II, this Fort offers spectacular views of the Man Sagar Lake and its surrounding hinterland. The Nahargarh Fort appears to be most dazzling at night when it is brilliantly lit with lights of varying hues. Though many interior parts of the Fort are dilapidated with the ravages of time, it still stands proud, offering a beautiful backdrop to the city of Jaipur. The cafeterias within the fort also provide yummy refreshments to the tourists
Situated on the Delhi- Jaipur Highway, about 11km from the city of Jaipur, the Amber fort (pronounced as Amer Fort) had served as the capital of the Kachhwaha Clan, till Jaipur had been declared as an independent state in 1727. Though the construction of the fort was begun by Raja Man Singh I, the Fort owes its present structure to Jai Singh I.
Though the exterior of the Fort is rugged and tough, the inner chambers are decorated beautifully with exotic paintings, murals and intricate woodwork. The craftsmanship of the Amber Fort clearly reflects an amalgamation of the Hindu and Muslim style of architecture.
With the pristine and picturesque Maota Lake forming its background, the Amber Lake has an enormous entrance, called the Suraj Pol, or the Sun Gate. Some of the notable features inside the fort are the Kali temple, also known as the Shila trmple, Jai Mandir, Sheesh Mahal, Diwan-i-Am, Diwan-i-Khas and the well laid out garden, Kesar Kyari.
The Hawa Mahal is a five-storied pyramidal piece of architecture that immediately captures the attention of the tourists inspiring within them a feeling of awe and wonder. Meaning ‘A Palace of Wind’, the Hawa Mahal was built by Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh in 1799 with the intention of providing the Royal Ladies the opportunity of watching over the everyday life below without being seen. The architecture of the Hawa Mahal is such that it appears to be more of a screen than a building. This pink and red sandstone building has as many as 950 windows, known as the Jharokhas through which the wind or the hawa enters the Palace and circulates within it, keeping the temperatures relatively low.
Placed strategically just beside the Hawa Mahal, in the heart of the city, the City Palace is a must see for all the tourists to Jaipur. It was built by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II and encloses a number of palatial structures within its enclosures, like the Chandra Mahal, which is also the residential area of the present Maharaja of Jaipur, Mubarak Mahal, Diwan-i-Am, or the Auditorium for the general Mass, Diwan-i-Khas, or the place for greeting the dignitaries, Shri Govind Dev’s Temple, Maharani’s Palace and Sileh-Khana.
The Diwan-i-Am now has been transformed into an art gallery that flaunts exotic paintings depicting the adventurous, indulgent and brave life of the Rajputs. The Maharani’s palace, which was meant for royal queens, has been converted into a museum, showcasing weapons dated back to 15th century. The wonderful architecture of this Palace with delicate paintings, mirror work on walls and floral decorations, makes it a "must-see" for every visitor.
Perhaps the best way of exploring the City Palace of Jaipur is on an Elephant ride. The Royal and majestic looking elephants sway their heads
Out of the five astronomical observatories built by Maharaja Jai Singh, the Jantar Mantar is the biggest. Located close to the City Palace, the Jantar Mantar possesses 14 astronomical instruments for measuring time, predicting eclipses, tracking stars, determining celestial altitudes and the like. The most striking instrument is the sundial with a 27meter high Gnomon.
About 15km from the city of Jaipur, located on the Jaipur-Amber highway is Gaitore, which is the royal cremation ground. Cenotaphs mark the exact spots where the Rajput Ranas were cremated. These cenotaphs are called ‘Chhatris’. The royal Chhatris are all engraved with rich and typical Rajasthani carvings
Gardens in Jaipur
Kanak Vrindavan Valley
The Kanak Vrindavan Gardens comprise of one of the most exotic places in Jaipur. It is situated in the bottom of Nahargarh hills adjoining the Amber Fort, on Jaipur-Amber Road. Legend has it that the name of Kanak Vrindavan was given by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh, who was reminded of the mythological gardens of Lord Krishna after having seen this enchanting piece of natural hub in Jaipur. Consequently he installed an idol of Shri Govind Deoji in the complex.
Sisodia Rani Ka Bagh
This captivating garden has a greater appeal to the visitors because it symbolizes the emotion of love. Located 10kkm from Jaipur, on the Jaipur-Agra highway, the Sisodia rani ka Bagh was dedicated by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh to one of his queens who was from Sasodia and was also his apple of the eye.
Vidyadhar Garden is a beautiful garden that was derived by the Rajputs of Jaipur from the Mughals' definition of Garden. Vidhyadhar Ka Bagh was made in order to bring a sense of relief in the scorched scenery of the desert land. The Garden is situated at a distance of 8 km in the east of Jaipur, on Jaipur-Agra Road. Initially, the place served as a vineyard to previous rulers then it was renovated to its present form.
Temples in Jaipur
Galtaji is a holy pilgrimage of India. Placed about 10km from Jaipur on the Jaipur-Agra highway, this temple is held auspicious by the Hindus and is visited by thousands of devotees all through the year, particularly on the Makar Sankranti. Built in red sandstone, the complex of Galtaji enshrines a number of temples. The ones dedicated to the Sun God and Hanumanji stand out because of their intricate structure. This place is also famous for its pristine and panoramic surroundings and the vista that is sheer bliss to look at. The natural springs, that the Galtaji is also home to, is popularly known amongst the devotees for having healing qualities
Galtaji is considered holy place, as Saint Galav spent his life meditating here. However, the temple was built mach later by Diwan Rao Kriparam, a courtier of Sawai Jai Singh II, in the 18th Century. The outstanding structure of the Temple looks more like a mansion or Haveli.
The Birla temple adorns the cityscape of the Southern part of Jaipur. Located at the foothills of the Moti Dungri Fort, this temple was situated in the year 1988 by the Birlas, on of the Business tycoons of India. Built in pure white marble and beautifully adorned with lights, the Birla temple looks stunning at night
The principle deities of the Birla Temple are Lord Narayana(the preserver) and Goddess Laxmi, his consort. Hence it is also widely known as the Laxmi Narayan Temple complex
Govind Devji Temple
Situated in the city palace complex in between the Chandra Mahal and Badal Mahal, the temple dedicated to Govind Devji(another name for Lord Krishna), is not only a must see for the religiously inclined, but also is a clear testimony of the rich cultural heritage of Rajasthan.
Legend has it that Govind Dev Ji had appeared in the dreams of Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh and had instructed him to establish his idol from Vrindavan. Though the deity had been established in the eighteenth century, it was not until 1890, that Maharaja Man Singh took the initiative of building the deity this temple. The lovely idols of Radha and Krishna of this temple leave the spectators enchanted and ennobled. Visiting this temple therefore proves to be an elevated spiritual experience for the tourists to Jaipur
The term ‘Moti Dungri’ in the local tongue means ‘a small hill of pearls’. Located centrally the Moti Dungri temple is situated on a small hill, jut above the Birla temple. The chief deity of this temple is Lord Ganesha. This temple also has a palace built adjacent to it. Belonging to the Royal family, this palace is now home to Maharani Gayatri Devi and her son Jagat Singh. However, this palace is not available for exploration by the tourists.