The Mini Mumbai
|State||: Madhya Pradesh|
|Type of Tourism||: Heritage Tourism|
|Area||: 526 sq km|
|Population||: 1,960,631 (As per Indian census- 2011)|
|Altitude||: 553 meters|
|Best Tourist Season||: October to March|
|Clothing recommended||: Light cotton in summer light woolen in winter|
|Languages spoken||: Hindi, Sindhi, Malwi, Marathi, Gujarati, English|
|Telephone Code||: India (0731), International (+91)|
|Pin Code||: 452001|
|What to buy||: Textiles, Maheshwari & Chanderi Saris, Zari Work, Hand Block Printing, Tie & Dye Fabrics, Batik Work, Jute Handicrafts such as Hanging Lamps, Flower Vases, Baskets, Hammocks, Swings, Table Mats, Footwear, Purses, Stuffed Leather Toys, Glass Bangles, other Local Carvings & Crafts|
|Food Specialties||: Kachori, Samosa, Poha, Baked Samosa, Patties, Aaloo Tikiya, Pakoda, Mathri, Garadu, Pani Puris, Bhel Puri, other Chat & Namkeen, Bhutte Ki Kees, Dal Bafla, Chakki Ki Shaak, Chhola Bhatura, Tapu, Rogan Josh, Korma, Seekh Kebab, Shami Kebab, Jalebi, Imarti, Mawa-Bati, Gajak, Gulab Jamun, Malpua, Mung Ka Halwa, Gajar Ka Halwa, Khoprapak, Rabdi, Faluda Kulfi, Shreekhand, Bengali Sweets, Shikanji, Lassi, Jal Jira, Santrola, Hot Boiled Milk, etc.|
|Local transportation||: Auto Rickshaws, Cabs, City Buses, etc.|
Cradled to the extreme west of the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh in the quaint bosom of the picturesque Malwa Plateau and cuddled on the banks of two small rivers Saraswati and Khan, Indore the administrative command center of the Indore District has emerged as a thriving mini metropolis adorned with the classic cosmopolitan culture. Formerly a booming textile trading center and today flourishing as a successful industrial conurbation, Indore; the commercial capital of the state and one of the richest civics in central India is rightly bequeathed with the epithet; ‘the Mini Mumbai’. Honored to be the largest burghal of Madhya Pradesh, Indore resembles Mumbai in its trendy and elegant lifestyle and its potpourri of diverse ethnicity and culture. Blossoming as the seat of Holkars and planned and modernized under the patronage of Maharani Ahilya Bai Holkar, the historical urban of Indore derives its appellation from the name of ‘Indreshwar Temple’ nestled at the confluence of Saraswati and Khan Rivers.
Teeming with numerous historical monuments, religious sites and temples associated with the Holkar Rulers, the rapidly growing Indore City deemed as the most developed metropolitan of Madhya Pradesh wonderfully manages to synthesize both traditional and contemporary lifestyles in its unique cocktail. Indore jovially nurtures its grandiloquent times of yore and at the same time promises the swift stroke of dynamic modernization. Owing to its strategic location on the Malwa Plateau, Indore loaded with scores of interesting picnicking spots and tourist destinations beckons myriads of vacationers and voyagers all round the year. The pacifying cool breeze of daylight and the pleasurable and gratifying aura of evenings render the uplands of Malwa an exceedingly enticing and enamoring ambience. No wonder the poets have eulogized the ‘Shab-e-Malwa’ to no extent.
Indore, the fourth largest and greatly rewarding hub of cotton textile industry and celebrated all over the map for its Maheshwari & Chanderi Saris, Zari, Batik and Tie & Dye clothes, hand block printing, leather toys, jute and other local handicrafts and beautiful glass bangles is indeed a shopper’s delight. Not only that, justly reckoned as the ‘Food City’ of Madhya Pradesh, Indore, distinguished for its mouth watering chats, namkeens, delectable sweets and other lip smacking multi cuisine items is certainly a heaven for the foodies. What is more, the additional feathers in the lofty hat of Indore comprise the ‘country’s first toll road’ and the ‘first private phone network’ of India.
History Of Indore
The aboriginal Landlords (Zamindars) of Malwa Terrain in central India dwelt in this region for generations and lead a lavish and extravagant life. They held the assets of royalty including the Gadi, the Nishan, Danka, an elephant and the right of the ‘First Puja’ of Dusshera. This Zamindar Family was known as the ‘Chaudharis’ in Mughal Era while they were called the ‘Mandlois’ during the ascendancy of the Peshwas. The Holkar Sovereigns bestowed the title of ‘Rao Raja’ upon this Chaudhary Family during their supremacy and allowed them to retain all their royal possessions and rights. ‘Rao Nandlal Chaudhary’ from this Zamindar Family was conferred upon a special status in the Mughal Court at Delhi and was gifted with two jewel studded swords and confirmatory deeds validating their Jagir rights. Raja Savai Jai Singh of Jaipur had rewarded him with a ‘Gold Langar’ which testified his eminence in all the courts of India.
In 1713 AD with Nizam gaining the control of the Deccan Plateau, the conflict between the Marathas and the Mughals was kindled. At that time, Rao Nandlal Chaudhary along with his army of 2000 soldiers sought shelter at the present location of Indore on the banks of the river Saraswati near the Indreshwar Temple. Rao Nandlal Chaudhary found this place surrounded by the waterways on all the sides to be safe and advantageously positioned. Here he established a Fort of ‘Shree Sansthan Bada Rawala’ and christened it as ‘Indrapur’ which later came to be known as ‘Indore’. Finally the control of Malwa was regained from the Nizam by Baji Rao Peshwa in 1733 AD who appointed Malhar Rao Holkar as the ‘Subhedar’ (Governor) of the Malwa Region. Gradually, the Malwa State of the Holkars earned an independent standing and proliferated during the dominance of the renowned Holkar Queen ‘Ahilya Bai Holkar’.
She held the reigns from 1767 to 1795 and undertook the proper planning, expansion and progress of Indore. Ahilya Bai is particularly noted for her keen architectural interest who patronized the construction of innumerable Hindu temples all over the country, essentially in Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh. The Third Anglo Maratha War of 1818 AD resulted into the comprehensive defeat of the Holkars against the British and the Holkar Empire was annexed to the British Raj. According to the ‘Treaty of Mandsaur’, the Cantonment Township of Mhow was relinquished to the British and the headquarters of the Holkar State was shifted from Maheshwar to Indore. Guru Radha Kishan from Indore and his fellow freedom fighters namely Prof. Mahesh Dutt Mishr, Homi F Dazi, Narayan Shridhar Bendre, Vinayakrao Sahastrabuddhe, Anant Laagu, Ramchandra Sarvate, Vinayak Sarvate, Padma Vibhushan etc. notably contributed in the Independence Struggle of India.
Subsequent to the Independence, Indore, together with other adjoining princely states was made a part of the Madhya Bharat State, with Indore being nominated its summer capital. Eventually on 1st November 1956 Madhya Bharat State was amalgamated into the Madhya Pradesh State under the ‘States Reorganization Act’ and Bhopal was coroneted as the state capital.