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The erstwhile center of the great Maratha hegemony and today celebrated as the ‘Oxford of India’, Pune; the ‘Punyanagari’ is one of the most picturesque civics of the ‘Incredible India’. Entitled as ‘the Queen of Deccan’ this dynamic city is nestled in the radiant cradle of the Sahayadri Mountain Ranges at the periphery of the Deccan Plateau where the Mula and Mutha rivers converge. Pune, the precious jewel studded in the luminous crown of the Western Ghats happens to be the second largest metropolis of Maharashtra and the eighth largest conurbation of the country. It is also acknowledged amongst the greenest urban areas of the country. Furnishing as the administrative capital of the Pune District, this city boasts of its 1600 years of glorious history and its affluent cultural legacy. Rightly anointed to the status of ‘the cultural capital of Maharashtra’, the present day Pune is the blooming hub of education, art & culture, industrialization, economy and modernism. The extravagant historical monuments and palaces illustrating the Maratha, Peshwa and British era, the sublime temples, the majestic edifices, the relics of ancient architecture and the fabulous museums retrieving the ostentatious heritage of this opulent city fascinate its visitors to no extent. Pune, a lofty synthesis of old and new and conventional and contemporary is the vicinity that promises an equally grand future as its legendary past.
Etymology The eponym ‘Pune’ finds its origin from a Sanskrit term ‘Punyanagari’ meaning ‘the city of virtue’. The earliest citation to this name is found on a ‘Tamra Patra’ i.e. copper plate of Rashtrakuta Dynasty dated 937 AD, where Pune is referred to as ‘Punya-Vishaya’ or ‘Poonak-Vishaya’. By 13th century AD Pune came to be known as ‘Punavadi’ or ‘Kasbe Pune’. During the British Raj, the prevalent name of Pune was ‘Poona’. The present title ‘Pune’ was officially adopted in the year 1976.