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Khajuraho, a small town in Chhatarpur District of Madhya Pradesh located against the lofty backdrop of Vindhya Mountain Ranges, has inscribed its name in golden letters on the world tourism map as a home to grandeur of art and master craftsmanship of human hand. Renowned far and wide for its medieval Hindu and Jain temples characterized by exceptional erotic sculptures, Khajuraho is India’s second most visited destination after the Taj Mahal. Acknowledged as one of the seven wonders of India, Khajuraho group of temples are declared as World Heritage Site by UNESCO in the year 1986. The name Khajuraho has derived from two Sanskrit words kharjura and v?haka, where kharjura means ‘date palm’ and v?haka means ‘the one who carries’.
Out of over 85 temples set up by the Chandela rulers about a millennium ago, only 22 shrines have survived the test of time. The ornate sculptures presenting love in its all forms constitute the center theme of these temples. Different postures assumed during a sexual intercourse are portrayed through very true to life statues of various deities, mainly Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati. The erotic sculptures of these temples are believed to be visual representation of the theories of Kama Sutra. Apart from the Shrungar Rasa, Khajuraho monuments also depict other moods and emotions of human nature ranging from ludicrous and pathos to devotion. The temples at Khajuraho are divided into three sects based on their geographical location. They are: Western Group, Eastern Group and Southern Group.
Rightly called the symbol of medieval heritage, the temples of Khajuraho comprise one of the rarest and best examples of architectural majesty and sublimity of expression. The ballads written on stones illustrate the ultimate truth of life and outline the open appreciation of one of the taboo topics in Indian culture. Some of the noteworthy temples of Khajuraho group of Monuments are: Devi Jagdamba Temple, Chausath Yogini Temple, Ghantai Temple, Javari Temple, Kandariya Mahadev Temple, Viswanath Temple, Lakshmana Temple, Lakshmi Temple, Chitragupta Temple, Adinath Temple, and so on.