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The largest and the most prominent conurbation of the Jammu region and the second largest city of the state, ‘Jammu’ nestled on the luxuriant banks of the river Tawi is a thriving municipal corporation of the Jammu District in the Indian State of Jammu & Kashmir. Enclosed by the Shivalik Ranges to its north, east and southeast and cuddled against the imperial backdrop of the majestic Trikuta Mountain, Jammu is clasped at the footings of the snow crowned Pir Panjal Ranges those separate the Jammu region from the resplendent Kashmir Valley. Brimming with daunting lakes, ostentatious glaciers, dazzling valleys and verdurous forests of pine, deodar, oak and chestnut, the diverse topography of Jammu yields it an Arcadian demeanor. Being the fastest growing urban agglomeration of the state, possessing the comparatively better infrastructure and burgeoning as the booming economic center of the province, Jammu serves as the winter capital of Jammu & Kashmir due to the excessive snowfall at Srinagar in winter.
The city derives its rubric from the appellation of its founder ‘Raja Jambu Lochan’; a Rajput Sovereign of later Vedic period who established his capital here and christened it after his own name as ‘Jambupura’. As the legend goes, one day during his hunting expedition, King Jambu Lochan reached the present location of Jammu city and witnessed an incredible phenomenon. He spotted a goat and a lion drinking the water of the Tawi River at the same place. The king was absolutely astounded and concluded that this was the vicinity of peace and harmony. Immediately he ordered a palace to be built there and a city to be founded around it. This city, originally reckoned as ‘Jambupura’ or ‘Jambu-Nagar’ came to be known as Jammu in the course of time. The historical and archaeological evidences suggest that Jammu had also been an essential division of the now extinct Harappa civilization.
Shrouded in mystifying myths and legends, the Jammu city; officially known as Jammu-Tawi is also bequeathed with a laurel ‘the City of Temples’. Teeming with numerous primordial temples and magnificent Shikharas occupying the sky line of Jammu and also dotted with a number of imposing palaces and regal mansions, the grandiose Jammu city manifests the façade of a peaceful and hallowed Hindu settlement.