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One of the most aggrandized wildlife conservation areas of the country and predominantly acclaimed for its highest tiger population in the whole of India, Bandhavgarh located in the Umaria District of the state of Madhya Pradesh is a National Park and a Tiger Reserve where aside from the royal Bengal Tigers, numerous rare and endangered wildlife species are provided a safeguarded abode in their natural habitat. Shrouded in luxuriant Sal, Salai, Saja and Dhobin Woods, intermittently dotted with dense bamboo thickets, blanketed with the long stretches of linear grasslands and crowned by the mixed deciduous forests at its highlands, the undulating landscape of the Bandhavgarh National Park nestled amidst the Vindhya & Satpura Ranges is nourished by Son, Johilla and Umrar rivers. Conspicuously rich in its biodiversity, the Bandhavgarh National Park shelters over 37 species of mammals, around 250 species of birds, about 80 species of butterflies and an assorted variety of reptiles within its fortified premises. The estimated tiger density of Bandhavgarh is 1 tiger for every 4.77 sq km with the total tiger population being 44 – 49 (approx.). Renowned for its varied wildlife resources and its eco-tourism disposition, the Bandhavgarh National Park is divided into 4 primary zones that is to say Tala, Khitauli, Panpatta and Magdhi. According to the prevalent folklore the sanctuary receives its name from the epithet of the ‘Bandhavgarh Fort’ which is believed to have been built under the benefaction of Lord Rama and later gifted by him to his younger brother Lakshmana. The stronghold came to be known as ‘Bandhavgarh’ meaning ‘the brother’s fort’ and Lakshmana got coroneted as the ‘Lord of Bandhavgarh’, also called ‘Bandhavadhish’.