A city that lingers in the past
|State||: Uttar Pradesh|
|Type of Tourism||: Heritage tourism|
|Area||: 188.40 square kilometers|
|Population||: 1,686,976 (as per 2001 census)|
|Best Tourist Season||: October to March|
|What to buy||: A miniature of Taj Mahal|
|Languages spoken||: Hindi and English|
|Food Specialties||: Sweets like Petha and Gazak and a salty snack Dalmoth|
Agra is the city of Taj Mahal, an epitome of love and romance. A once capital of the Mughal Empire, Agra proudly owns three of the world heritage sights declared by UNESCO. With its strategic location on the banks of the River Yamuna, Agra is a melting pot of the ancient and the modern. Though modern amenities greet a tourist to Agra it is very easy to slip away here, through the centuries, into the grandeur and majesty of the Royal Mughals.
Agra is one of the most premium itineraries of any tourist in India. Replete with architectural and cultural wonders, it bears the testimony of the decades of frenzied building activity that different generations of rulers have endowed upon it. Though this city had always been the hub of religious and commercial activities, the Mighty Mughals, of whom Agra was the capital city, transformed it into a crux of power, valor, ambition, love, intrigue and glamour.
Situated in the rich alluvial plains of the Ganga and Yamuna Rivers in western Uttar Pradesh, Agra lies about 200km southeast of Delhi. It is one of the rarest cities of the world that offers an overwhelming experience based on man-made marvels alone. Agra is the proud owner of three of the world heritage sites declared by UNESCO, namely, the Agra Fort, Fatehpur Sikri and above all, one among the Seven Wonders of the World, Tal Mahal.
Agra might appear to a first timer as a plethora of monuments, buildings and gardens; yet a closer look reveals an unparallel depth of the city and its culture. With the old world elegance, still on a stronghold, Agra with the Majestic Taj as its star attraction still holds the potential of enthralling a million hearts with a single glance
History Of Agra
Agra has witnessed the successive transference of power from one dynasty to another. Built in 1475 by emperor Badal Singh, it initially flourished as the capital of the fierce ruler, Ibrahim Lodhi. Babur, the head of a clan of Ferghana in central Asia defeated Lodhi in the battle of Panipat in 1526. With no worthy opponent to resist his might, he along with his son Humayun then took control over Agra, the ancient Lodhi den and thus laid the foundation of a Mughal rule that was to flourish for next five generations of his successors
Agra reached the pinnacle of prosperity during the reigns of Akbar and his grandson, Shah Jahan. With their passion for building, these rulers bequeathed upon the city some of the finest structures ever built on the surface of the earth. Its strategic location on the Grand Trunk road also made it important in terms of trade and commerce. With the fall of the Mughals, Agra was captured successively by the Jats, the Marathas and finally it came under the jurisdiction of the British Empire
Agra is one of the most primordial hubs of art and culture in India. The temples, mosques, forts, several Mausoleums, tombs and historical monuments with which this ancient city is decked with, reflect the past glory and grandeur of style that the ancestors of this city excelled in. Agra is also a melting pot of various forms of art that thrived in the yesteryears and are still holding their reigns in the modern society. Traditional paintings, folk dances, folk music, embroideries, cloth designing, carpet making, metal work and weaving have been flourishing under the patronage of the generations of rulers in Agra. Agra is also home to a number of important temples like Balkeshwar temple, Kailash temple and Mankameshwar temple. These are home to a number of religious and cultural practices